Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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FERNANDES, 0alabar Dolningo, Brazilian soldier, born in Olinda near the close of the 16th century" died in Porto Calvo, 22 June 1635. He was of African descent, and little is known of his early life. He was living in Pernambuco when the Dutch attacked the City in 1630, and, notwithstanding his humble condition, gathered some men, joined the volunteers, and gained a series of victories which forced the invaders back. In 1632 he distinguished himself at the battle of Campo Real, and afterward, with his troops, repulsed the Dutch at several places. He was rewarded for his devotion by the contempt of his countrymen, who were envious of his prowess. Wounded by this conduct, he left the Portuguese and joined the Dutch, whom he led to the capture and plunder of the town of Yguarassu. He captured the fortress of Rio Formoso in January 1633, won an important battle at Hamaraca in June and in December led the conquerors to the fortress of Reis Magos.
In March 1634, he routed the Portuguese army, which had defeated the Dutch in January of that year, and captured the port of San Augustin. The Portuguese army being threatened on all sides, its commander, Alburquerque, in order to spare the rest of the troops, began to retreat toward Lagunas in June 1635, but before reaching Porto Calvo he found out that that town had been occupied by Fernandes, thus strengthening the Dutch garrison commanded by Picard. Sebastiao do Souto, a feigned friend of Picard, treacherously allured him and 200 of his men to a place where the Portuguese had prepared an ambush, completely routing them. The garrison of Porto Calvo then had to capitulate, and Fernandes Calabar, who was major of the Dutch army, was taken prisoner and hanged by the Portuguese at Porto Calvo.
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