Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LIPSCOMB, Abner Smith, jurist, born near Abbeville, South Carolina, 10 February, 1789; died near Austin, Texas, 3 December, 1857. His father, Joel, emigrated from Virginia and was an officer of the Revolution. The son studied law with John C. Calhoun, who shaped the political opinions that he had throughout his life. He was admitted to the bat" in 1811, the same year settled in St. Stephens, Alabama, and served as captain of a volunteer expedition against the Indians in the war of 1812. For several years he was a member of the legislature, became judge of the supreme court in 1819; and in 1823-'35 was chief justice of Alabama. He removed to Texas in 1839, was secretary of state under President Lamar, and a member of the State constitutional convention in 1845, offering the resolutions of acceptance of the terms of annexation that were proposed by the United States. He was appointed an associate justice of the supreme court in 1846, and held office till his death. His opinions are published in Minor's, Stewart's, and Stewart and Porter's reports, and in the first seventeen volumes of Texas law reports.
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