Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CUSTINE, Adam Philip (kus-teen'), Count de, French soldier, born in Metz, 4 February 1740; died in Paris, 28 August 1793. After serving as a captain in the seven years' war under Frederick the Great, he became a colonel in 1762. He took part in the Revolutionary war, and was quartermaster-general of the French forces in America in 1778-'83. He was present at the surrender at Yorktown, and on his return to France in 1783 was made mareschal-de-camp and governor of Toulon. In 1789 he was deputed to the states-general by the nobility of Metz, and advocated the cause of reform, he subsequently commanded the army of the north, received in June 1792, the command of the army of the lower Rhine, and after some successes again took command of the northern army in May 1793, from which, however, he was soon recalled by the committee of safety and placed at the bar of the revolutionary tribunal, and, notwithstanding a spirited defense, was sentenced to be guillotined.
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