Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CASTRO, Agustin, Mexican Jesuit, born in Cordova, state of Vera Cruz, 24 January, 1728; died in Bologna, Italy, in 1790. He studied in the cities of Puebla and Mexico, and was noted for his extraordinary accomplishments as a student. Having entered the Jesuit order in 1748, he was ordained priest at Puebla, and thence went to the City of Mexico, distinguishing himself as an orator. He then taught philosophy at Quertaro and introduced in his lessons the teachings of Cartesius, Leibnitz, and Newton. He also served his order, and was a professor at Valladolid, Oaxaca, Guadalajara, and Merida, where he established the first chair of canon and civil law. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from the Spanish dominions, Castro went to Italy, settled at Ferrara, and was rector of the Jesuits for twenty-three years. He wrote many works, mostly in verse, noted for their classical character and correct style. His works in prose include "Tratado de la Prosodia, Historia de la Literatura Mejicana despu5s de la Conquista," and "Juicio sobre las Odas de Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz." Among those in verse are "Hern~n Cortes," an epic" "Cartas," a treatise on the art of poetry, and translations into Spanish verse of Fdnelon's "Telemaehus," Phoedre's "Fables," Seneca's " Troades," several tragedies of Euripides, satires of Juvenal and Horace, some odes of Anacreon, and the two of Sappho, and many works of Virgil, Milton, Young, Pope, and Ossian.
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