Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic
biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biographyplease
submit a rewritten biography in text form.
If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century
Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor
Virtual American Biographies
Over 30,000 personalities
with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life
welcomes editing and additions to the
biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor
or e-mail Virtualology here.
JAUREGUI y ALDECOA, Agustin de, viceroy of Peru, born in Bazan, Navarre, in 1708; died in Lima, Peru, 27 April, 1784. In his youth he was equerry to Philip V., who afterward appointed him captain of dragoons. In 1740, having been promoted lieutenant-colonel of his regiment, he joined the expeditionary force that was sent to the West Indies to protect them against the British. With a division of 3,000 men he was in the expedition to Honduras, and his regiment took part in the capture of the island of Ruatan. On his return to Spain he was promoted brigadier by Charles III. in 1753, and in 1762 participated in the campaign of Portugal, and was promoted major-general. In 1772 he was appointed president and governor of Chili, and took possession of his office in 1773. During his administration the audiencia of Chili was established in 1776, and in 1779 he was active in preparing to defend the country against a threatened invasion by the British. He was then promoted to lieutenant-general, appointed viceroy of Peru, and received the government from his predecessor on 21 July, 1780. He found the country in a difficult situation on account of the threatened rising of the natives in the interior, and, while he was preparing to resist the British fleet under Admiral Hugues, which had forced an entry to the Pacific, he received the news of the revolution under Tupac-Amard. (See CONDORCANQUI.) By the active measures that were taken by Jauregui, the insurgents were decisively defeated, 6 April, 1781, and the insurrection quelled by the capture and execution of its leader. Tupac-Amard's brother, Diego Cristobal, continued the insurrection, and the viceroy offered, on 10 September, 1781, to abolish the Indian tribute and grant a general amnesty, which Diego Cristobal accepted. As some of the Indian chieftains continued the insurrection, Diego Cristobal, on the pretext that he was secretly in communication with the insurgents, was arrested, 27 February, 1783, carried as a prisoner to Cuzco, and, after a mock trial, sentenced to be tortured and hanged together with two other Indian chiefs and one woman. Jauregui's administration was not remarkable for any very beneficial measures, and he is justly accused of cruelty in the treatment of the Indian rebels; but, on the other hand, he was thoroughly honest, and, unlike other viceroys, died poor. His successor arrived early in 1784, and Jauregui delivered the government to him on 3 April. He died from the result of an accident, and was buried in the church of Santo Domingo.
This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected,
associated with or authorized by the individual, family,
friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or
the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated
sites that are related to this subject will be hyper
linked below upon submission
and Evisum, Inc. review.
Please join us in our mission to incorporate The Congressional Evolution of the United States of America discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The
People. Click Here