Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MORALES, Agustin (mo-rah'-iays), Bolivian soldier, born in La Paz in 1810; died there, 28 November, 1872. He entered the military service in his youth, and served throughout the campaign of the Peru-Bolivian confederation under General Santa Cruz. After attaining the rank of colonel, he took part in numerous military revolutions in his country. His last expedition, in October, 1869, being totally defeated, he took refuge in Peru, and was specially excepted from the amnesty of March, 1870. The prestige and popularity that he had acquired, and his reputation as an enterprising and audacious leader, called him to the command of the uprising against the tyranny of Melgarejo (q. v.) in November, 1870, and, after the final overthrow of the latter on 15 January, 1871, Morales assumed the executive, and in June was promoted general by congress, and elected provisional president for one year. On 23 August, 1872, he was declared constitutional president for the term of four years, but soon his overbearing character and oppressive rule roused general opposition, and on 24 November, after the celebration of the anniversary of Melgarejo's deposition, when he tried to intimidate congress by military force into granting him the mines of Aullaga, he met with firm resistance and dissolved the legislative body. This brought affairs to a climax, and being informed that an insurrection was on foot, and that one of his adjutants had been commissioned to arrest him, he rushed in a drunken frenzy into the room that was occupied by the officers in attendance on him, accused them of being traitors, and assaulted them indiscriminately, until he was shot by his own nephew, La Faye.
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