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Alexander Colden Rhind

RHIND, Alexander Colden, naval officer, born in New York city, 31 October, 1821. He entered the navy as midshipman, from Alabama, 3 September, 1838, became passed midshipman, 2 July, 1845 ; master, 21 February, 1853; and lieutenant, 17 March, 1854. He served ill the "John Adams," of the Pacific squadron, in 1855-'6, and in the "Constellation," on the coast of Africa, in 1859-'61. At the beginning of the civil war he commanded the steamer " Crusader," on the South Atlantic blockade, and participated in a series of operations in Edisto sound, South Carolina, for which he received the thanks of the navy department in 1861-'2. He was commissioned lieutenant-commander on 16 July, 1862, and had charge of the " Seneca " in 1862, and the monitor " Keokuk " in 1862-'3. Previous to the attack on the forts at Charleston he buoyed the channel on the bar, and in the attack the next (lay, 7 April, 1863, took the "Keokuk" within 550 yards of Fort Sumter, becoming the special target of all the forts. His vessel was hit ninety times and nineteen shot penetrated at or below the water-line She withdrew from action sinking, but Rhind kept the ship afloat till next morning, when she sank, but the crew were saved. He was commissioned commander, 2 January, 1868, continued on duty off Charleston, commanding the steamer" Paul Jones" and the flag-ship " Wabash," and participated in engagements with Fort Wagner and other forts in 1863-'4. In the attack, 18 July, 1863, he commanded the division of gunboats. He was given the gun-boat "Agawam," of the North Atlantic squadron, in 1864-'5, was in James river from May till October, 1864, co-operating with Grant's army, and bombarded forts and batteries, especially Howlett's, for which he received the thanks of the navy department. In the attack on Fort Fisher he was selected to command the "Louisiana" with a volunteer crew from his vessel She was loaded with 215 tons of gunpowder and bombs, fitted with fuses set to explode by clockwork, and towed to within 200 yards of the beach and 400 yards from the fort. The perilous undertaking, suggested by General Benjamin F. Butler, was successful, but did not injure the fort. Commander Rhind was recommended for promotion, was commissioned captain, 2 March, 1870, commanded the "Congress," on the European station, in 1872, was light-house inspector in 1876-'8, and was commissioned commodore, 30 September, 1876. He was on special duty and president of the board of inspection from 1880 till 1882, became a rear-admiral on 30 October, 1883, and on the following day was placed on the retired list.

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