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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Alexander d' Hinoyossa

HINOYOSSA, Alexander d' (e-no-yo'-sah), director of a Dutch colony, lived in the 17th century; died in Holland. On 16 August, 1656, the sale of a tract of land on the south bank of the Delaware was ratified by the states-general, and designated Nieuer Amstel. The government was intrusted to forty commissioners, who were to reside in New Amsterdam, and Jacob Aldrichs was appointed director, in that year three small vessels were sent from Holland, with 40 soldiers and 150 emigrants, under command of Captain Martin Krygier and Lieutenant Alexander d'Hinoyossa, to establish a settlement. The governors of the city ant] company were under the general supervision of Director Stuyvesant. In 1658 great distress prevailed, and, in addition to the unsettled state of affairs, Aldrichs says" "Continued sickness curbed us so far down that all labor in the fields and agriculture were abandoned." Emigrants also arrived without supplies, which increased the trouble. Not satisfied with the profits of its investment, the Amsterdam company made exacting demands upon the settlers, who, being oppressed by sickness and various afflictions, became discontented, and many fled to the English colonies of Maryland. Toward the end of 1659 Aldrichs died, having had the administration of the government for more than two years. It appears from the complaints made against him that he was much to blame for the many evils that the colonists. suffered. Before his death he recommended the appointment of Alexander D'Hinoyossa as his successor, which was approved and confirmed by the commissioners. Hinoyossas administration was less turbulent than that of his predecessor, but conflicts on the question of authority arose between himself, who represented the city colony, and Beckman, who had charge of the revenues of the West India company from the settlements in Delaware. They made many complaints to Holland, for Hinoyossa refused to recognize the authority of Stuyvesant, asserting that he was only accountable to the commissioners of the city of Amsterdam. The West India company insisted upon a collection of the revenues, while the city colony endeavored to evade all taxation. After negotiating to transfer the Nieuer Amstel colony to the West India company, without success, the commissioners of the city obtained a loan which gave a new aspect to. affairs. Hinoyossa was successful in maintaining peace in his little state, and made such regulations with regard to settlelnent and trade that many of the emigrants who had gone to Maryland returned. Negro slaves had been introduced in the Dutch colonies at the time of their establishment, and Hinoyossa addressed to the commissioners a request that a large number of slaves should be sent to till the valley of the Delaware. Wearied with the constant disputes regarding authority, and in the interest of the colonial prosperity, Hinoyossa visited Holland in 1663 and petitioned for the entire government of the settlements of the Delaware. He was successful in this, and on his return Stuyvesant presented him with a formal transfer of his authority. The Swedish West India company was not satisfied to surrender its possessions on the Delaware, and demanded restoration" but the Dutch company would not yield, and in 1664 the Swedes took measures to recover their lands. An expedition was fitted out and set sail, but it was obliged to return, and the project was abandoned. Hinoyossa held undivided authority from the time of the transfer of the Delaware colony until the conquest of the New Netherlands by the English, when he returned to Holland and entered the army of the States. He served in the war between the republic and Louis XIV.

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