Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BULLOCK, Alexander Hamilton, governor of Massachusetts, born in Royalston, Massachusetts, 2 March, 1816; died in Worcester, 17 January, 1882. He was graduated at Amherst in 1836, and for three years he taught school in Princeton, New Jersey, after which, from 1839 till 1841, he studied law with Emory Washburn and in Harvard law-school. In 1841 he was admitted to the bar and began practice at Worcester. He soon became interested in politics, and was a member of the lower branch of the legislature from 1845 till 1847, and again from 1862 till 1866, acting as speaker during the latter period. In 1849 he was elected to the state senate, from 1853 till 1856 was commissioner of insolvency, and in 1856-'8 judge of the court of insolvency. In 1859 he was elected mayor of Worcester, and from 1866 till 1868 was governor of Massachusetts. From 1848 till 1850 he edited "The AEgis" in Worcester. He was elected trustee of Amherst College in 1852, and received the degree of LL.D. from Harvard in 1866. Governor Bullock published addresses, both political and literary, among which is "The Centennial Situation of Women" (Worcester, 1876). He was a member of the Massachusetts historical society, and his death was commemorated by an address by the president. See Winthrop's "Addresses" (Boston, 1886). b in Bristol BULLOCK, Jonathan Russell, Rhode Island, 6 September, 1815. He was graduated at Brown in 1834, studied law in his father's office, and admitted to the bar in 1836. Soon afterward he removed to Alton, Illinois, where he practiced his profession till April, 1843, when he returned to Rhode Island, and was associated in practice with the late Joseph M. Blake, then attorney general until 1849, when he was appointed collector. In 1844 and the two succeeding years he was chosen first representative to the general assembly from the town of Bristol; but in 1847, having been retained as counsel from that town in an important question affecting its boundaries, then pending before the legislature, he declined re-election. In 1849 he was selected as one of a committee of three to inquire into the validity of the state (revolutionary) debt, and in the same year was appointed collector of Bristol and Warren, an office which he held until 4 March, 1854. In April, 1859, he was elected to the state senate, and in December, 1860, was chosen lieutenant governor. In December, 1861, he was appointed by the governor a special commissioner to adjust the accounts between Rhode Island and the United States, growing out of the expenses incurred by the state in raising troops to suppress the rebellion, and while engaged in this duty in September, 1862, he was chosen a judge of the Supreme Court. He remained upon the bench of this court until March, 1864, when he was appointed by President Lincoln judge of the district court of the United States for Rhode Island. In September, 1869, in consequence of failing health, he resigned this office. BULLOCK, Rufus Brown, governor of Georgia, born in Bethlehem, Albany County, New York, 28 March, 1834. He was graduated at Albion (N.Y.) academy in 1850, and, after various pursuits, was sent during 1859-'60 to organize the business of the Adams express company in the South Atlantic states. His headquarters were at Augusta, Georgia, where he formed the southern express company, and became one of its active managers. During the civil war he continued this occupation under the direction of the confederate government, establishing railroads and telegraph lines on interior routes. Later he was placed in charge of contributions for the officers and men of the Army of Northern Virginia, and at Appomattox he gave his parole as an acting assistant quartermaster-general. After the cessation of hostilities, Mr. Bullock re-stoned the general management of express affairs, and was elected one of the trustees and secretary of the southern express company. Its present magnitude is largely due to his management at that time. He was also associated in the organization of the first national bank of Georgia, and was elected president of the Macon and Augusta railroad. In 1867 he was chosen a delegate to the convention called to frame a constitution under the reconstruction laws then recently passed. His course at that convention met with the approval of its progressive members, and he was their unanimous choice as candidate for governor. After a bitter canvass in the spring of 1868, the new constitution was ratified, and Mr. Bullock was declared elected. But the reactionists obtained a majority in the legislature, and expelled the colored men who had been elected and seated. Against this action Governor Bullock earnestly protested, and after its accomplishment brought the matter to the attention of congress, by which he was empowered to reassemble the old legislature, including the expelled colored members. This struggle for the rights of Negroes to hold office rendered him very unpopular in his state, and he was overwhelmed with abuse. At the next regular election the opposition seated a large majority of the general assembly, and, just prior to its convening in November, 1870, Governor Bullock resigned his office. Charges of corruption were made against him, and, after a hearing in the state courts at Atlanta, he was acquitted and thoroughly vindicated from every accusation. During his term of office over 600 miles of new raft road were built within the state, and the value of property as returned by its owners for taxation was increased over $50,000,000. Governor Bullock continued his residence in Georgia, and became president of one of the largest cotton-mills in Atlanta. He has taken no public part in politics since his resignation of the office of governor.
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