Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HENRY, Alexander, merchant, born in the north of Ireland in June, 1766; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 13 August, 1847. His father died when Alexander was two years old, and in 1783 the boy came to Philadelphia, where he was a clerk in a dry-goods house, and subsequently began business for himself, accumulating a fortune. He was the first to introduce religious tracts into the United States. and actively contributed to the promotion of religion and education, the relief of poverty, and the reformation of criminals. He was president of the Presbyterian board of education, a founder and first president of the American Sunday school union, and was associated in the management of many other religious or benevolent institutions.--His soil, Thomas Charlton, clergyman, born in Philadelphia, 22 September, 1790; died in Charleston, South Carolina, 4 October, 1827, was graduated at Middlebury in 1814, studied two years in Princeton theological seminary, and after two more years of mission work was ordained as a Presbyterian clergyman on 7 November, 1818. He was pastor of the first church in Columbia, South Carolina, from that time till 1824, and of the second church in Charleston from then till his death, he spent six months in Europe for his health in 1826. Yale gave him the degree of D.D. in 1824. He published "Inquiry into the Consistency of Popular Amusements with a Profession of Christianity" (Charleston, 1825); " Moral Etchings from the Religious World" (1828); "Letters to an Anxious Inquirer" (1828; London, 1829, with a memoir by Reverend Thomas Lewis); and occasional sermons.--Alexander's grandson, Alexander, mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, 14 April, 1893; died there, 6 December, 1883, was the son of John Henry. He was graduated at Princeton in 1840, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1844. In 1856-'7 he served in the councils, and in 1858 was elected to the mayoralty on the ticket of the People's party, composed of Whigs and Republicans. By successive elections he served in the office until 1866, when he declined a renomination. He managed the affairs of Philadelphia during the civil war with great ability. On the arrival of Mr. Lincoln in Philadelphia, 21 February, 1861, on his way to Washington to be inaugurated, Mayor Henry gave him welcome, and tendered him the hospitality of the city. On 16 April he issued a proclamation declaring that treason against the state or against the United States would not be suffered within the city. First as a member, and afterward as president, of the state board of centennial supervisors, Mr. Henry labored with great efficiency for the success of the International exhibition of 1876. In addition to many other important offices, he was for many years a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania, a member of the park commission, and an inspector of the Eastern penitentiary, which post he had held at the time of his decease twenty-eight consecutive years.
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