Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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MITCHELL, Alexander, financier, born near Ellon, Scotland, 18 October, 1817 ; died in New York city, 19 April, 1887. He was educated at the parish-schools of Aberdeenshire, and subsequently studied law, but after two years entered a banking-house in Peterhead. In 1839 he came to the United States and settled in Milwaukee, under an engagement to act as secretary of the Wisconsin marine and fire insurance company, which had just been organized under the presidency of George Smith, and which, though nominally an insurance company, did a large banking business. In 1853 the company was reorganized under the state law as a bank. During the financial difficulties of 1861 which were caused by the repudiation of the southern bonds, Mr. Mitchell's judicious recommendations resulted in saving many of the western banks from ruin. In 1861 he became the first commissioner of the board of the Milwaukee debt commission, which office he held until his death. That city's credit was restored largely through his influence, and its present high financial standing has resulted there-from. He became largely interested in the development of the railroad systems that centre around Milwaukee, and after the consolidation of the various lines that form the Milwaukee and St. Paul railway he was made its president. Later, by further consolidations and enlargements, this corpora-lion became the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railway company, and it now owns more miles of track than any other railroad company in the world. Mr. Mitchell was elected to congress as a Democrat, and served from 4 March, 1871, to 3 March, 1875. He was president of the Chicago and Northwestern railway company in 1869, of the Western Union railroad company, and of the Northwestern national insurance company, and president, director, or trustee of many local institutions. He was the richest man in the northwest, and his residence in Milwaukee was among the finest in the state.
MITCHELL, David, soldier, born in Cumberland county, 17 July, 1'742; died in Juniata, Pennsylvania, 25 May, 1818. He served under Generals Henry Bouquet and John Forbes in the campaign against the Ohio Indians in 1764, and altogether was engaged in twenty-seven actions with the Indians, becoming also a friend of the Indian chief Logan. He fought throughout the entire Revolutionary war, serving as a major in Colonel John Watts's battalion in the battle of Long Island. He represented his county in the Pennsylvania legislature from 1786 till 1805, and served as a presidential elector in 1813 and in 1817. In May, 1800, he was appointed brigadier-general of the militia of Cumberland and Franklin counties, Pennsylvania.
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