Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MOUTON, Alexander (moo-ton), senator, born in Attakapas (now Lafayette) parish, Louisiana, 19 November, 1804; died near Lafayette, Louisiana, 12 February, 1885. He was graduated at Georgetown college, D. C., studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1825, and began to practise in his native parish. The following year he was elected to the lower branch of the state legislature, and he was re-elected for three consecutive terms. In 1831-'2 he was speaker of that body. He was chosen presidential elector in 1828, 1832, and 1836, and was again sent to the legislature in the latter year. In January, 1837, he was elected to the United States senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Alexander Porter, and he was subsequently chosen for the full term of six years. On 1 March, 1842, he resigned to accept the nomination of governor of Louisiana, to which office he was elected, discharging its duties till 1846. He was president of the Southwestern railroad convention in January, 1853, and delegate to the National Democratic conventions of 1856 and 1860, and to the Louisiana secession convention of 1861, of which latter body he was chosen president. At an election held to choose two senators to the Confederate senate, 29 November, 1861, he was defeated, and he then retired to his plantation, where he afterward resided.--His son, Jean Jacques Alexandre Alfred, soldier, born in Opelousas, St. Landry parish, Louisiana, 18 February, 1829: died in Mansfield, De Soto parish, Louisiana, 8 April, 1864, was graduated at the United States military academy, 1 July, 1850, but resigned in the following September. Returning to Louisiana, he was assistant engineer of the New Orleans, Opelousas and Great Western railroad, 1852-'3, and brigadier-general of Louisiana militia, 1850-'61. At the beginning of the civil war he recruited a company among the farmers of Lafayette parish, where he was then residing, and soon afterward accepted the colonelcy of the 18th Louisiana regiment. He commanded it at the battle of Shiloh, and was severely wounded. He also took part in the expedition (hat captured Berwick Bay, Louisiana, in 1863, was in the engagement at Bisland on the Teche, and was killed at the battle of Mansfield, Louisiana, where he was in command of a division, when leading his men in an attack. He had been successively promoted brigadier and major-general in the Confederate service.
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