Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic
biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biographyplease
submit a rewritten biography in text form.
If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century
Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor
Virtual American Biographies
Over 30,000 personalities
with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life
welcomes editing and additions to the
biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor
or e-mail Virtualology here.
PETION, Alexander (pay-se-ong), president of Hayti, born in Port au Prince, 2 April, 1770; died there, 29 March, 1818. He was the son of a colonist named Sabes and a mulatto woman. His father was wealthy and gave him a good education. He rose to the rank of adjutant-general during the civil war in the island, and after the evacuation of Santo Domingo by the English in 1798 he supported General Rigaud in his opposition to Toussaint l'Ouverture, and won reputation by his defence of Jacmel. When Rigaud was forced to quit the island in 1800, Petion accompanied him to France, but he returned with Gem Leclerc in 1802, with the rank of colonel. His prudent counsels were disregarded by Leclerc, and at last he abandoned the French ranks in October, 1802, with such of his compatriots as were able to escape, and took service under Henry Christophe, and later under Dessalines. After the murder of the latter in 1806, at which time Petion was commander of Port au Prince, the hostility of President Christophe to the mulattoes excited fears in the south and west, and Petion was chosen president of that part of the island, 10 March, 1807. Civil war was renewed in consequence, and Christophe invaded Potion's dominions, but without success. From the beginning of his presidency Petion opened his ports to all nations and granted security and protection to Frenchmen engaged in commercial pursuits. The civil war and the administration of Dessalines had exhausted the finances, but Petion paid all debts, and the commercial and agricultural prosperity that ensued gained for |him the title of the father of his country. In 1815 he was re-elected president for life, with power to nominate his successor. In the following year the government of Louis XVIII. opened certain negotiations with him, but he refused all arrangements to which the recognition of the independence of Hayti was not a preliminary. In the same year he assisted the expedition of Simon Bolivar to Venezuela, which brought about the liberation of that country, and in return only asked for the abolition of slavery. in the latter part of his administration the finances again became involved, and the government was compelled to debase the coinage. Petion fell into hypochondria, fancying that he was in danger of assassination, and finally, refusing nourishment, died. His funeral took place amid imposing religious solemnities, and the senate ordered a mausoleum to be erected to his memory, but his remains were later transported to Pere la Chaise cemetery in Paris, where a magnificent monument now marks his resting-place.
This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected,
associated with or authorized by the individual, family,
friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or
the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated
sites that are related to this subject will be hyper
linked below upon submission
and Evisum, Inc. review.
Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The
People. Click Here