Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ASBOTH, Alexander Sandor, soldier, born in Keszthely, Hungary, 18 December 1811; died in Buenos Ayres, S. A., 21 January 1868. He was educated in Oldenburg, and served for some time as a cuirassier in the Austrian army. Subsequently he studied law at Presburg, and then, turning his attention to engineering, was employed upon various important works in the Banat. He served with Kossuth in the Hungarian war of 1848-'9, and participated in the battles of Tomasovacz, Kapolna, and Nagy Sarlo. He followed Kossuth to Turkey, shared his confinement at Kutaieh, and on his release came with him to the United States in 1851, where he soon became a citizen. He pursued various occupations, and on the outbreak of the civil war in 1861 offered his services to the government. In July he was sent to Missouri as chief of staff to General Fremont, and on 26 September was appointed Brigadier-General and commanded the 4th division in Fremont's western campaign. He was next assigned to the command of a division in General Curtis's army, and during the Arkansas campaign occupied Bentonville and Fayetteville. He participated in the battles of Pea Ridge, and was severely wounded. In 1863 he was placed in command of Columbus, Kentucky, and in August of the same year was assigned to the district of west Florida, with headquarters at Fort Pickens. He was badly wounded in the battle of Marianna, 27 September 1864, his left cheek-bone being broken and his left arm fractured in two places. For his services in Florida he was brevetted Major-General 13 March 1865, and resigned in the following August. In 1866 he was sent as United States minister to the Argentine Republic and Uruguay, where he died in consequence of the wounds in his face.
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