Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DIAZ, Alonso, Spanish soldier, born in Seville, Spain, early in the 16th century ; died in Cuzco about 1556. He sought his fortune in the New World, became son-in-law of the former governor of the Isthmus of Panama, Pedrarias Davila, and was one of the conquerors of Cuzco, where he settled. He was distinguished for his gigantic strength, and is said to have killed the Indian prisoners by suffocating them in an embrace, so that the emperor, Charles V., issued a decree forbidding such acts. Diaz also suffocated one of the most famous Indian wrestlers in a trial of strength, and on one occasion is said to have carried his warhorse on his shoulders. ]n 1553 he was one of the principal accomplices of Francisco Hernandez Giron against Pizarro's successor. After the battle of Pucara, Diaz surrendered in the royal camp, and was pardoned by the judges of the Audiencia, as they were unaware that Giron had already sought safety in flight, fearing that his own followers would deliver him to the royal forces. Diaz settled again in Cuzco, but, as he continued his rebellious attempts, he was made a prisoner by the mayor, Bautista Munoz, and, together with several other conspirators, was executed by the garrote, by order of the viceroy, Marquis de Canete, and his estate was confiscated. Several books and poems have been written about the adventures of Alonso Diaz.
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