Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic
biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biographyplease
submit a rewritten biography in text form.
If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century
Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor
Virtual American Biographies
Over 30,000 personalities
with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life
welcomes editing and additions to the
biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor
or e-mail Virtualology here.
ZUNIGA, Alvaro Manrique de (thoon'-ye-gah), Marquis de Villa-Manrique, seventh viceroy of Mexico, born in Seville. Spain, about 15:30; died in Madrid about 1600. He entered Mexico, 18 October, 1585, and one of his first measures was to send re-enforcements to Acapulco and fortify that city against English corsairs. He also ordered the arming of a fleet to attack their vessels" but the Licenciado Palacios, who was in command, hearing that Sir Francis Drake had sailed for the East Indies, remained in port and allowed a privateer that was lying in wait at Cape San Lucas to capture the galleon "Santa Ana," with a rich cargo of treasure and silk from Manila. Zuniga was well liked, both by Spaniards and Indians, whom he treated humanely, but although, according to Torquemada, he was wise and prudent, his hasty temper led him, in a dispute about jurisdiction with the audiencia of Guadalajara, to resort to force, and, as the audiencia armed also, the colony was on the eve of a civil war. His enemies meanwhile spread calumnies at court, and Philip II. in 1589 ordered his relief by Luis de Velasco, and commanded the bishop of Tlaxcala, Pedro Romano, to investigate Zuniga's government. Romano, who had an old grudge against the viceroy, arrived in Mexico before Velasco, and on 17 January, 1590, relieved Zuniga, going so far, in his enmity toward the latter, as to attach even the clothes of his wife in the seizure of his property. For six years Zuniga continued in Texcoco, the object of Romano's persecution, till in 1596 he sailed for Spain to seek justice, and obtained at last the reversal of the sentence of confiscation, but he died before he could recover his property.
This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected,
associated with or authorized by the individual, family,
friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or
the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated
sites that are related to this subject will be hyper
linked below upon submission
and Evisum, Inc. review.
Please join us in our mission to incorporate The Congressional Evolution of the United States of America discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The
People. Click Here