Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RAFFENEAU-DELILE, Alyre (raf-no-deh-led), French physician, born in Versailles, 23 January, 1778; died in Montpellier, 5 July, 1850. He engaged in the study of plants under Jean Lemonnier, was in the Paris medical school in 1796, and, being attached in 1798-1801 to the scientific expedition that was sent to Egypt, became manager of the agricultural garden at Cairo. In 1802 he was appointed French vice-consul at Wilmington, North Carolina, and also asked to form an herbarium of all American plants that could be naturalized in France. He sent to Paris several cases of seeds and grains, and discovered some new graminea and presented them to Palissot de Beauvois (q. v.), who described them in his "Agrostographie." Raffeneau made extensive explorations through the neighboring states, and, resigning in 1805, began the study of medicine in New York. During an epidemic of scarlet fever he was active in visiting the tenements of the poor, and in 1807 he obtained the degree of M.D. Returning to France, he was graduated as doctor in medicine at the University of Paris in 1809, and in 1819 appointed professor of botany in the University of Montpellier, which post he held till his death. His works include, besides those already cited, "Sur les effets d'un poison de Java appele l'upas tieutd, et sur les differentes especes de strychnos " (Paris, 1809); " Memoire sur quelques espdces de graminees propres g la Caroline du Nord" (Versailles, 1815) ; "Centurie des plantes de l'Amerique du Nord" (Montpellier, 1820); "Flore d'Egypte" (5 vols., Paris, 1824); "Centurie des phmtes d'Afrique " (Paris, 1827); and " De la culture de la patate douce, du crambe maritiina et de l'oxalis crenata " (Montpellier, 1836).
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