Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MACDONALD, Andrew Archibald, Canadian statesman, born in Three Rivers, Prince Edward island, 14 February, 1829. His grandfather, Andrew, emigrated from Scotland with his retainers in 1806, and settled at Three Rivers. The grandson was educated privately and at the county grammar-school. He was consular agent for the United States at Three Rivers from 1849 till 1870, and represented Georgetown in the house of assembly from 1854 till 1870. When the legislative council became elective in 1863, Mr. Macdonald was elected to it for the 2d district of King's county, re-elected in 1867, and remained a member of that body till June, 1873, when he was appointed postmaster-general of the province. He was a delegate to the Charlottetown conference on the union of the lower provinces in 1864, and in September of that year to the Quebec union conference, which arranged the basis of the union of all the British North American colonies, and he was also a delegate to the International convention at Portland, Maine, in 1868. He was a member of the executive council from 1867 till 1872, and again from 18 April, 1872, until confederation, and was leader of the government party in the legislative council for several years. He was first elected as a Liberal, but when the Conservative section of the party joined the Liberal branch of the Conservative party he united with them in perfecting the free education, land-purchase, railway, and eonfederation acts. He was appointed lieutenant-governor of Prince Edward island, 1 August, 1884, which office he now (1888) fills.
--BEGIN-Charles James McDonald
McDONALD, Charles James, jurist, born in Charleston, South Carolina, 9 July, 1793; died in Marietta, Georgia, 16 December, 1860. He was brought up in Hancock county, Georgia, was graduated at the College of South Carolina in 1816, admitted to the bar in 1817, and, settling in Milledgeville, was solicitor-general in 1822, and a judge of the circuit court in 1825. He was in the legislature in 1834, a member of the state senate in 1837, and was elected governor of Georgia in 1839, and re-ejected in 1841. The beginning of his administration found the government in a state of much financial embarrassment, owing to the panic of 1837, and to the legislative act of that year authorizing the counties to retain the genera] tax to be applied by the inferior courts to county purposes. He recommended a resumption of the entire amount of state taxes, vetoed the bill that had passed the legislature reducing the taxes one per cent., and on his own authority suspended all payments from the treasury, except upon appropriations actually made and warrants legally drawn thereon. This extreme measure enabled him to pay the ordinary expenses of the government and the interest on the public debt. He was defeated as Democratic candidate for governor by Howell Cobb in 1850, and the same year was a member of the Nashville convention, as a representative of the extreme state-rights party. From 1857 until his death he was a judge of the supreme court of Georgia. Governor McDonald was a man of great probity and influence.
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