Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com advises that these 19th Century
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BROWN, Andrew, soldier, born in the north of Ireland, about 1744 ; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 4 February, 1797. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and came to America in 1773 as an officer in the British army, but left that service and settled in Massachusetts. He fought on the patriot side at Lexington and Bunker Hill, was made general mustering officer in 1777, and served under Gates and Greene, with the rank of major. After the peace he established an academy for young ladies, first at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and afterward at Philadelphia. He relinquished this occupation, for which his irritable temper unfitted him, and, in October, 1788, established the " Federal Gazette," the title of which was changed, in 1793, to the "Philadelphia Gazette." This was the main channel through which the friends of the federal constitution addressed the public, and it was the first journal to publish regular reports of the debates in congress. He achieved financial success after many discouragements, through remaining at his post and publishing his paper during the yellow-fever epidemic of 1793, when the contemporary journals were suspended. His death was caused by injuries received while fruitlessly endeavoring to save his wife and children from a fire that destroyed his establishment on the night of 27 January, 1797.--His son, ANDREW, born in 1774, carried on the "Gazette" until 1802, but, taking the English side in politics, became unpopular, and went to England, where he died. 7 December, 1847.
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In this powerful, historic work, Stan Klos unfolds the complex 15-year U.S.
Founding period revealing, for the first time, four distinctly different United
American Republics. This is history on a splendid scale -- a book about the not
quite unified American Colonies and States that would eventually form a fourth
republic, with only 11 states, the United States of America: We The