Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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KIRKPATRICK, Andrew, jurist, born in Mine Brook, New Jersey, 17 February, 1756; died in New Brunswick, New Jersey, 7 January, 1831. His father, David, emigrated from Scotland to the United States and settled at Mine Brook, in 1726. Andrew was graduated at Princeton in 1775, was subsequently classical instructor in the Rutgers college grammar-school, and at the same time studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1785, and, settling in Morristown, soon established a large practice. In 1797 he was a member of the New Jersey legislature, but he resigned at the end of the first session to become judge of the state supreme court. Six years later he became chief justice of the state, and he was twice re-elected, holding the office for twenty-one years. In 1792 he married Jane, eldest daughter of Colonel John Bayard, of Bohernia Manor. Judge Kirkpatrick " was the beauideal," says Aaron Ogden Dayton, " of a minister of justice. His enunciation was slow and distinct; his voice full and musical; his opinions, when not previously prepared, were delivered with fluency and clearness; when written, the language in which they were clothed was marked by great purity and precision. His opinions exhibited a depth of research which entitled him to rank among the first American jurists." His decisions are in Pennington's, Southard's, and the first three volumes of Halstead's "Reports of the Supreme Court of New Jersey."--His wife, Jane Bayard, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 12 July, 1772; died in New Brunswick, New Jersey, 16 February, 1851, was noted for her accomplishments, benevolence, and beautiful Christian character. She is the author of "The Light of Other Days," edited by her daughter, Mrs. Jane E. Cogswell (New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1856). See "Memorials of Andrew Kirkpatrick and of his Wife, Jane Bayard," by James Grant Wilson (printed privately, New York, 1870).--Their second son, Littleton, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, 19 October, 1797; died at Saratoga Springs, New York, 15 August, 1859, was graduated at Princeton in 1815, became a prominent member of the New Jersey bar, and was a member of congress from the New Brunswick district in 1843-'5, having been chosen as a Democrat. Two of their grandsons, Andrew K. Cogswell and Andrew Kirkpatrick, became members of the New Jersey bench.
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