Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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REED, Andrew, benefactor, born in London, England, 27 November, 1788; died there, 25 February, 1862. He was apprenticed to a trade, but, as he had a taste for study, was afterward sent to a Dissenting college in London. In 1811 he was ordained pastor of an Independent congregation in that city, which connection he maintained until his death. In 1834 he was deputed, with Reverend James Matheson, by the Congregational union of England and Wales, to visit the United States and report on the condition of religion and education in that country, and oil his return he published, with Mr. Matheson, "Visit to the American Churches" (2 vols., London, 1836), which made a valuable addition to English knowledge of American institutions and society. He founded in 1813 the London orphan asylum; in 1827, the Infant orphan asylum; in 1847, the Asylum for fatherless children at Croydon ; and subsequently the Royal asylum for idiots, and the Royal hospital for incurables. He gave freely to these and other charities, but made it a principle through life never to receive in any form a recompense for his services in their behalf. At his death he left over £2,000 to the above and similar institutions. Besides his book on this country, he published "No Fiction "(London, 1818; 24th ed., 1860) ;" Martha" (1836); "The Day of Pentecost," "The Revival of Religion," and "Earnest Piety essential to Eminent Usefulness" (1839) ; and " Advancement of Religion the Claim of the Times" (1847). See " Memoirs of the Life and Labors of Andrew Reed, D. D.," by his sons, Charles and Andrew (1863).
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