Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GOMEZ, Antonio Carlos (go'-meth), Brazilian musician, born in Campinas, Sao Paulo, in 1839. His father was leader of a military band in Campinas, and cultivated his son's love of music from his earliest years. At the age of eleven he left school, and began the study of music. He excelled as a performer on the piano, and in Sao Paulo gave a series of concerts with his brother Jose Pedro, a violinist, in 1856. At that time he composed several romances and one popular song, "Tao longe de mira distante," which was soon known all over the empire. He then went to Rio Janeiro, where he was admitted to the conservatory of music, and soon made remarkable progress. In 1861, when the national opera was established, Gomez presented his first opera, "Noites e del castello," which met with great success. The imperial government gave him a pension for four years, that he might perfect his studies in Europe. In 1870 he returned to Brazil. His most noteworthy opera, "Guarany," was represented for the first time in Rio Janeiro in 1872, and has also been given in several theatres of Italy and some of the capitals of Europe. His other operas include "Horca" (1874), "Salvator Rosa." (1875), and "Cromwell" (1876).
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