Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LAVRADI0, Antonio de Almeida Soares e Portugal (lah-vrah'-dyo), Marquis de, governor of Brazil, born in Lisbon, 27 June, 1729; died in Oporto, 2 March, 1790. He entered the navy in 1747, and served in South America. in 1760 he became gov-ernor-general of Brazil, and during his administration of twenty years he greatly improved the court-try. He developed the culture of indigo and rice, and introduced the first coffee-trees into the country. He also endeavored to civilize the Indians instead of persecuting them like most of his predecessors, and founded villages in countries where formerly no European had dared to travel. Under his administration Brazil grew rich and prosperous, he first conceived the idea of making the culture of the ipecacuanha-tree a source of profit to the country, and had thousands of them planted, thus opening to Brazil a new branch of trade. He also did much to ameliorate the condition of the poorer classes anal to check the insolence of the aristocracy toward the people. Alfonso de Varnhagen, in his " Historia geral do Brazil," praises him as a benefactor of the country, and his name has been given recently to one of the principal streets of Rio Janeiro. In 1781 he was relieved of his command in Brazil and appointed vice-admiral. In 1782 he commanded the Portuguese fleet in South America, and in the following year became president of the admiralty and privy councillor of the king, which post he held till his death.
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