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PINELO, Antonio de Leon (pe-nay'-lo), Peruvian historian, born in Cordova de Tucuman in 1589" died in Seville about 1675. He was educated in the College of the Jesuits of Lima, and, going to Spain about 1612, became attorney of the council of the Indies, and afterward judge of the tribunal of La Contratacion in Seville, succeeding Gil Gonzalez Davila (q. v.)in 1637 in the post of historiographer of the Indies, which he held till his death. As early as 1615 he became much impressed with the necessity of collecting methodically all the decrees and ordinances that had been issued either by the home government or by the viceroys of the American possessions. He communicated :"his scheme to the council, and, receiving encouragement, began his grand work, of which he published the plan in 1623" "Discurso de la importancia, de la forma, y de la disposicion de la colleccion de las leyes de Indias" (Seville, 1623). Having obtained the king's approbation and authority to search the archives of Madrid and Simancas, and even a special royal order for having copies made from all documents in the offices of the state secretaries of Mexico, Lima, and Quito, he was enabled to pro-eeed more speedily with his work, and published an abridged first part, "Sumario de la recopilacion general" (Seville, 1634). By incessant labor Pinelo had completed the work in 1645, but its publication was deferred till 1680, when Vicente Gonzaga published it under the title " Recopilacion general de las leyes de las Indias " (4 vols., Madrid, 1680). Pinelo's other works are "Epitome de la Biblioteea oriental y occidental, nautiea y geografica" (Madrid, 1629), which, in a revised edition (3 vols., 1737), has become the greatest bibliography of works, either manuscript or printed, regarding South America; "Tratado de confirmaciones reales, que se requieren para las indias Occident ales" (1630)" "Cuestion moral" si el chocolate quebronta el ayuno ecclesiastica" (1636) ; "Tablas Cronoldgicas" (1645)" "Aparato politico de las Indias Occiden-tales" (1653)" "Vida de Santo Toribio arzobispo de Lima" (1653)" "EL Paraiso en el Nuevo Mundo" (1656)" and "Acuerdos del Concejo de Indias" (1658). Pinelo left also several manuscripts, some of which have been published since his death. These include "Politica de las Indias" (Madrid, 1829)" "Bulario Indico" is a code of the canonical laws in force in South America (1829) ; "Historia del Supremo Concejo de las Indias ..... Las ha-zafias de Chile con su historia"; "Fundacion v historia de la ciudad de Lima ..... Descubrimiento y historia de Potosi"" and "Relacion de la pro-vincia de Minehe y Lacaudon."
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