Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GONZALEZ BALCARCE, Antonio, South American soldier, born in Buenos Ayres, Argentine Republic, in 1774; died there, 5 August, 1819. He entered the army at an early age, was taken prisoner by the English in Montevideo, 5 November, 1807, and remained in England until the declaration of peace. He then went to Spain and fought against the armies of Napoleon. He returned to South America in 1809, and took part in the Argentine revolution of 25 May, 1810. Gonzalez was appointed major general of the expedition to assist the revolutionists of Peru, and gained the victories of Suypacha and Cotagaita. He was then made commander-in-chief of the army, and soon afterward entered the City of La Plata, and was appointed its prefect. He filled the office of president of the republic in 1816, crossed to Chili to join the army of San Martin in the following year, and commanded the infantry in the battle of Maypu, 5 April, 1818. As commander of the army of the south he drove the Spaniards from Concepcion. He then returned to Buenos Ayres, and died suddenly while engaged in preparing a plan of defense for the City against the Spaniards.
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