Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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IRISARRI, Antonio Jose de (e-re-sar'-re), South American statesman, born in the city of Guatemala, 7 February, 1786; died in Brooklyn, New York, 10 June, 1868. He studied in his native city and in Europe, whence he was recalled at the death of his father in 1805. In 1809 he visited Chili, and, having married an heiress, took up his residence in that country, and joined with enthusiasm the movement for independence in 1810. He had charge of important public offices during the struggle for liberty, including the command of the National guard and the civil and military government of the province of Santiago, and from 7 to 14 March, 1814, he was temporarily in charge of the supreme direction of the nation. In 1818 he was appointed minister of the interior and foreign relations, and in October of the same year he went to Buenos Ayres as minister. At the end of 1819 he was sent to London, where he negotiated a loan of $5,000,000. He was sent to Central America in 1827 as minister for Chili, and in 1837 to Peru. He was minister to Ecuador from 1839 till 1845, and in 1846-'8 to Colombia, but resigned, and went to Curacoa in 1849, and in 1850 to the United States, where he resided till his death. The governments of Guatemala and Salvador appointed him, in 1855, their minister to Washington, and for a long time he was dean of the diplomatic corps. Irisarri continued his literary work in the United States, and was generally esteemed for his knowledge, genial character, and polished manners. Irisarri was chief editor of the "Seminario Republicano de Chili" in Santiago in 1813; of "El Duende" in the same 'city in 1818; of "El Censor Americano" in London in 1820; of "El Guatemalteco" in Guatemala in 1828; of "La Verdad des nuda," "La Balanza," and "El Correo" in Guayaquil in 1839-'43; of "La Concordia" in Quito in 1844-'5; of" Nosotros," "Orden y Libertad," and "El Cristiano Errante" in Bogota in 1846-'7; and of "El Revisor" in Curacoa in 1849, the publication of which he continued in New York. He also published "La defensa de la historia critica del asesinato cometido en la persona del Gran Mariseal de Ayacucho" (Quito, 1845); "Memoria biografica del Arzobispo Mosquera" (Bogota, 1848); a collection of his satirical poems, a novel, "Cuestiones Filologicas," and several pamphlets.--His son, Hermojenes, Chilian poet, born in Santiago, 19 April, 1819, began his career as a public writer in " El Seminario," of Santiago, in 1840, and has since been a contributor in prose and verse to a number of the literary papers and magazines of Chili. He was the director of the biographical work "Galeria de hombres ce1ebres de Chili." In 1857 he was elected deputy to the National congress. In 1860 he was honored by the five Central American republics with the appointment as their representative in Chili, and in 1863 went in that capacity to Peru, where for some time he was editor of the political paper "El Heraldo de Lima." In 1866 he returned to Chili, and in the same year was elected deputy and vice president of congress. President Perez invited him several times to take a seat in his cabinet, but he declined. He was elected to the senate in 1873, but took no active part in politics. Under President Errazuriz he was councillor of state, but at present (1887) lives in retirement on his estate at Quilpue. His poems include "Al Sol de Septiembre," "A San Martin," and "La Mujer Adfiltera."
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