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NARISO, Antonio (nah-reen'-yo), Colombian patriot, born in Bogota in 1765; died in Leiva, 13 December, 1823. He studied philosophy and jurisprudence in the College of San Bartolome in his native city, was graduated there in law, and entered the magistracy. The viceroy appointed him to several lucrative posts, but he cherished ultra-liberal ideas, and in the satirical paper "La Bagatela," which he edited, prepared the minds of his compatriots for future independence. In 1794 a copy of the French revolutionary constitution fell into his hands, and he translated from it the declaration of the rights of citizens and published it. The pamphlet was confiscated, and Narifio was condemned to imprisonment and transported to Cadiz. He escaped and took refuge in France and then in England, where he worked for the independence of his country, but, being unable to obtain material assistance for his project, he returned to his country, determined to incite an insurrection. On his arrival he was imprisoned, but released on condition that he should live quietly on his country property. When a new viceroy arrived, he ordered Narifio's arrest, and confined him in the fortress of Bocachica, in Carthagena. The revolution of 1810 gave him his liberty, but the revolutionary chiefs did not give him any place in their councils. When the division between the Federalist and Centralist parties became wider in 1811, the congress of Bogota, chiefly composed of the latter faction, elected him vice-president of Cundinamarca. When open hostilities began, he won a victory on 8 January, 1813, and became president of Cundinamarca. He showed his patriotism by a conciliatory policy, and, when the royalist troops from Quito invaded the country, he marched at the head of the patriot army and defeated them in several battles, but was in turn defeated at Pasto and gave himself up to the Spanish commander. After a long imprisonment in Bogota and Santa Marta, he was sent to Cadiz, where he remained till the revolution of 23 March, 1820. After its suppression he fled to England, where he framed a constitution for his country, and presented it the same year, on his return, to congress. He was nominated vice-president of Colombia, but did not accept, and in 1821 was elected senator. In 1823 he was appointed commander-in-chief, but feeble health soon forced him to retire to Leiva, near Bogota, where he died.
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