Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PAREJA, Antonio (pah-ray'-hah), Spanish naval officer, born in Spain about 1760; died in Chillan, Chili, 21 May, 1813. In 1805 he took part in the battle of Trafalgar as captain of the ship "Argonauta." He went to Lima in 1811 as governor-intendant of the province of Concepcion, and the viceroy Abascal ordered him to Chiloe and Valdivia to organize forces for the conquest of Chili, which had declared its independence. With 2,000 men he landed at San Vicente, occupied Talcahuano, and immediately marched upon Concepcion, of which he took possession with "the aid of the native militia. He augmented his forces and at once marched upon Santiago, but met a strong resistance and retired to Chillan. Talcahuano was recovered by the Independents, who also captured the frigate" Tomas," which was coming from Callao with re-enforcements to the aid of Pareja, and the latter, grieved by these reverses, fell sick and died shortly afterward.--His son, Jose, Spanish naval officer, born in Lima about 1812; died at sea, near the coast, of Chili, 28 November, 1865, went to Spain and entered the navy, attaining the rank of vice-admiral. He was sent to the Pacific in 1864 to relieve Admiral Pinzon, whose seizure of the Chincha islands was disapproved in Madrid, and signed on 2 February, 1865, a treaty that occasioned a general revolution in Peru and the fall of the government of General Pezet. Chili having declared in favor of Peru, Pareja went to Valparaiso on 17 September, and his demand for satisfaction having been refused, he declared war against Chili on the 24th. On 17 November an armed launch of the frigate "Resolution" was captured by the Chilian steamer "Independencia" near Talcahuano, and on the 26th of the same month the gun-boat " Covadonga," with the admiral's correspondence, was taken by the Chilian steamer "Esmeralda" off Papudo, and these events, together with the general failure of his operations on the Pacific coast, so affected the admiral's mind that he committed suicide on board his flag-ship.
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