Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ITAMARACA, Antonio Peregrino Maciel Monteiro (e-tah-mah-rah-cah'), Baron of, Brazilian statesman, born in Pernambuco in 1802; died in Lisbon, Portugal, 5 January, 1868. He studied in Coimbra and Paris, and was graduated in medicine from the university of the latter city in 1828. After his return to Brazil he began to practise his profession, but soon abandoned it to take an active part in politics. He was elected to congress from the province of Pernambuco, joined the opposition against the regent Feijo in 1836, and soon was considered one of the leaders of his party. When Feijo was forced to abdicate, 19 September, 1837, Itamaraca was called to take charge of the portfolio of foreign relations, ably settled the Oyapoc difficulty with France, and signed several treaties of commerce with other foreign powers. In 1843 he was again elected deputy by the province of Pernambuco, distinguishing himself as an orator, till congress was dissolved by the victorious Liberal opposition. In 1850 he was again sent to congress, and was elected president of the lower house. After many years of legislative duties he was appointed minister to Portugal. He wrote many poems, most of which remain in manuscript. A collection of the whole is now (1887) in preparation.
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