Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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McLEAN, Archibald, Canadian jurist, born in St. Andrews in April, 1791; died in Toronto in October, 1865. His father, Nell, a native of Mull, Scotland, served in the war of 1812, and was a member of the legislative council of Canada. The son was educated at Cornwall grammar-school, studied law in the office of the attorney-general at York, and before he was admitted to the bar served in the war of 1812 with the United States, in which he was severely wounded. He declined a commission in the regular army, but afterward, having been appointed assistant quartermaster-general, he was placed on the staff. He remained on active service until the battle of Lundy's Lane, where he was taken prisoner and detained on parole at Greenbush, near Albany, New York, till the end of the war. After his return he was admitted to the bar, and in a short time was employed as counsel in the difficulties that arose out of contentions between the Hudson bay and the Northwest companies. He represented Stormont and Cornwall for several years in the legislative assembly of Upper Canada, and was twice elected speaker of that body. In 1837 he was appointed a judge of the court of king's bench, and the same year took an active part in suppressing" the rebellion. He resigned his judgeship in 1856, but was soon afterward appointed chief justice of Upper Canada by John A. Macdonald, which place he retained till he was appointed president of the court of error and appeal, in which capacity he officiated till his death. Mr. McLean was noted for his liberal hospitality while on circuit. His elder brother, JOHN, was for years sheriff of Kingston, and his youngest brother, ALEXANDER, entered the royal Newfoundland regiment, subsequently enlisted in the Stormont militia, saw a great deal of service in the war of 1812, and was wounded at the capture of Ogdensburg. He was afterward a member of the provincial parliament, and treasurer of Stormont and Glengarry.
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