Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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RUSSELL, Archibald, philanthropist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1811 ; died in New York city, 12 April, 1871. His father, James, was for many years president of the Royal society of Edinburgh. The son was graduated at the University of Edinburgh in philosophy, law, and medicine, and subsequently studied at the University of Bonn, Germany. He settled in New York city in 1836, where he devoted his time and fortune to benevolent and educational enterprises, founding the Five Points mission, of which he was president for eighteen years, and aiding in establishing the Half-Orphan asylum, of which he was a vice-president. He was an active member of the Christian commission during the civil war, gave largely to its support, and was chairman of the famine relief committee. He made his summer home in Ulster county, opposite Hyde Park, New York, from 1844 until his death, and was connected with the most important internal improvements in that region. He established its present system of common schools, founded the Ulster county sayings bank, and was its president from its establish-meat until his death, and built a Presbyterian church at his own cost near his country-seat, Glen-Albyn. Mr. Russell married Helen Rutherford, a daughter of Dr. John Watts. He published "Principles of Statistical Inquiry" (New York, 1839), and "Account of 11,000 Schools in New York" (1847).
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