Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ARTAGUETTE, a French soldier of the 18th century. He was one of the military leaders tinder Bienville, colonial French governor of Louisiana, and one of the most daring of the early Indian fighters. He subjugated the warlike Natchez tribes, and was in command in Illinois and the Wabash when Bienville summoned him to aid in breaking the power of the Chickasaw Indians, who, in connection with English traders from the Carolinas, interlered with commerce on the Mississippi and defied French authority. With about fifty French soldiers and over a thousand Indian allies he descended the River in June 1736, and encamped secretly within striking distance of the Chickasaw fortress, to await the detachment from New Orleans. This did not arrive, and, as he was unable longer to restrain his savage allies, an attack was ordered. Two of the Chickasaw strongholds were stormed, but in the attack on the third Artaguette was twice wounded. His followers fled when they saw him fall; but Sonar, a Jesuit priest, remained to minister to his wounded leader, and with him and the other prisoners was burned at the stake after the retreat of the French was assured.
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