Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PIKE, Austin Franklin, senator, born in Hebron, New Hampshire, 14 October, 1819 ; died in Franklin, New Hampshire, 8 October, 1886. He was educated in the academies of Plymouth, New Hampshire, and Newbury, Vermont, studied law under George W. Nesmith in Franklin, was admitted to the bar in 1848, and established a large practice. Five years afterward he began his political career by a successful candidacy for the legislature, was re-elected in 1851-'2, served in the state senate in 1857-'8, and as its presiding officer the latter year, and in 1865-'6 was speaker of the house. He was a delegate to the National Republican conventions in 1856 and 1860, and from the former year until his death was an active member of that party, being chairman of the Republican state committee in 1858-'60. He was elected to congress in 1872, served one term, and was defeated as a candidate for the next canvass, as he alleged, by frauds. He subsequently devoted himself to his profession for many years, and took high rank at the state bar. In 1883 the contest for the United States senatorship in the New Hampshire legislature, which continued during more than a month's balloting, ended in the election of Mr. Pike as a compromise candidate. Dartmouth gave him the degree of A. M. in 1858.
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