Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MERRILL, Ayres Phillips, physician, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 17 April, 1793; died in New York city, 3 November, 1873. He was graduated at Fairfield, New York, medical college in 1819, and at once appointed surgeon's mate in the 8th infantry regiment in the regular army. He was promoted assistant surgeon, 1 June, 1821, but resigned on 21 September, 1823, and settled at Natchez, Mississippi In 1850 he removed to Memphis, Tennessee, and was active in organizing the medical college of that city, in which he occupied the chair of the theory and practice of medicine. He also edited the Memphis "Medical Recorder." In 1864 he went to New York city, practising there until his death. He wrote chiefly on yellow fever, scurvy, epidemic diseases, mercury, and internal use of chloroform.
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