Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CAMPBELL, Bartley, dramatist, born in Allogheney City, Pennsylvania, 12 August, 1843; died in Middletown, New York, 30 July, 1888. In 1856 he entered a Pitts-burg law office, but was declared an unpromising student, and in 1858 became a reporter for the Pitts-burg " Leader." In 1863 and 1864 he made public speeches in the interest of the Democratic Party. He founded the "Evening Mail" in Pittsburgh m 512 CAMPBELL 1868, and the "Southern Magazine" in New Orleans the following year, and was the official reporter of the Louisiana house of representatives in 1870. His first play was a sensational drama, "Through Fire," written in 1871, and played for four weeks. His second was " Peril," a comedy laid at Long Branch, brought out in 1872. These were followed by " Fate," which was taken to England by Carlotta Leclerq, "Risks," and "The Virginian," played in England, and afterward bought by Frank Mayo, who changed its name to "Van the Virginian." "Gran Uale" was brought out in 1874, and "On the Rhine," at San Francisco, in 1875. Mr. Campbell adapted the German comedy " Ultimo," under the title of "The Big Bonanza," in 1875, and in four weeks it brought a profit of $16,000 to a theatre in San Francisco. His " Heroine in Rags" and " How Women Love " were written in England in 1876. The latter was reconstructed as "The Vigilantes." In 1877-'8 was written "Clio," and in the following spring " Fairfax, or Life in the Sunny South," brought out in 1879. Earlier the same season was played "My Partner," the first of Mr. Campbell's plays to achieve success in New York. "The Galley Slave" was also produced in 1879, and all three of these were on the metropolitan boards the same season. " Matrimony" was also written in the winter of 1879-'80. Other plays by Mr. Campbell are "The White Slave," "My Geraldine," " Siberia," and " Paquita." Mr. Campbell leased the Fourteenth street theatre in New York City, but was obliged to give it up in 1886 on account of failing health, and on 28 September of that year a sheriff's jury declared him to be insane.
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