Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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FERRELO, or FERRER, Bartolome, Spanish navigator, born in Bilbao, Spain (according to Lorenzana, in Coimbra), in 1499; died in Mexico in 1550 (according to Herrera, in 1548). He was the pilot of Joao Rodrigo Cabrillo, a Portuguese captain in the service of Spain, who was sent with two ships in 1542 by Mendoza, the viceroy of Mexico, to make discoveries to the north of California. The expedition started on the 27th of June from the port of La Navidad, and sailed along the coast up to Punta del AnoNuevo, 37° 10' north of Monterey. The vessels were tossed about, and often separated from each other by the bad weather, and Cabrillo died, on 3 January 1543, on the Island of San Bernardo, near the channel of Santa Barbara; but Ferrero, who succeeded him in command, continued his discoveries northward up to lat. 43°, where he saw the coast of Cape Blanco, called by Vancouver, Cape Orford. Excessive cold, want of provisions, sickness, and the unsoundness of his vessel, forced him to return without reaching the parallel mentioned in his instructions. At 41° 30' he perceived a point of land to which, in honor of the viceroy, he gave the name of Cape Mendocino. From this point he sailed back to La Navidad, situated at 19° 45', where they arrived, 14 April 1543, and established the fact that the coast was one continuous line between these two points. In this voyage the Spaniards often saw the natives of the country, who were almost naked, painted their faces, lived by fishing, and inhabited large houses. John William Last finds a full account of the expedition in the "History of the Indias". Humboldt, in his work on Mexico, corrects several erroneous statements of the Dutch historian, which were drawn from the works of old Spanish writers, basing his corrections on certain documents that he had occasion to examine in Mexico.
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