Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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TAYLOR, Benjamin Cook, clergyman, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 24 February, 1801 ; died in Bergen, New Jersey, 2 February, 1881. He was graduated at Princeton in 1819 and at the New Brunswick theological seminary in 1822, held various pastorates between 1825 and 1828, and from the latter year till the time of his death was pastor of the Reformed church at Beryen, the 200th anniversary of which he commemorated in a sermon in 1861. Besides this and other discourses, he published " Annals of the Classis and Township of Bergen " (1856). He received the degree of D. D. from Hobart in 1843.--His brother, Isaac Ebenezer, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 25 April, 1812, was educated at Rutgers, and graduated at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1834. He was engaged in mercantile business in New York city from 1835 till 1839, then began practice, travelled and studied in Europe in 1840-'1, and after his return had charge for seven years, as attending physician, of cases of diseases of women in the Eastern, City. Northern, and Demilt dispensaries, in which he introduced a system of clinical instruction in his department. In 1851 he was elected physician to Bellevue hospital. In 1860 he suggested the establishment of a medical college in connection with the hospital, and in the following year Bellevue hospital medical college was incorporated and went into operation, with Dr. Taylor as its president and treasurer. In 1863, at his suggestion, an out-door department was organized in connection with the hospital, tie resigned his professorship of obstetrics in 1867, but was elected emeritus professor, and continued in the presidency of the faculty. He was president of the medical board of Bellevue hospital from 1868 till 1876, when he ceased his labors as attending obstetrical physician. From 1860 till 1874 he was attending physician to Charity hospital, and for the first two years was president of its medical board. As consulting physician, he is still connected with both hospitals. Since 1876 he has been obstetrical physician to the Maternity hospital. He is vice-president of the American gynecological society. He was one of the originators of the "New York Medical Journal " and president of its association in 1869-'70. As early as 1839 Dr. Taylor suggested the hypodermic method of treatment by morphia and strychnia. He was the earliest American physician to use the speculum in diseases of women, publishing a paper on the subject in 1841. He was also the first to introduce the subject of uterine auscultation, and in 1843 edited Dr. Evory Kennedy's work on that diagnostic method. He has published original monographs on the symptoms and treatment of Addison's disease, the inhalation of chloroform as a remedy for regurgitation of the stomach, the non-shortening of the cervix uteri during gestation, the nature of placenta previa, the seat of disease in procidentia uteri, the mechanism of spontaneous inversion of the uterus, and on contracted and faulty pelves, and various other subjects connected with midwifery.--A son of Benjamin C., William James Romeyn, clergyman, born in Schodack, Rensselaer County, New York, 31 July, 1823, was graduated at Rutgers in 1841, and at the theological seminary at New Brunswick in 1844, and licensed by the classis of Bergen in the latter year. He was pastor of the Reformed church at New Durham, New Jersey, in 1844-'6, then in Jersey City for three years, in Schenectady, New York, for about the same length of time, then of another church in Jersey City in 1852-'4, and after that of the 3d Reformed church of Philadelphia till 1862, when he became corresponding secretary of the American Bible society. He resumed the active work of the ministry in 1869, and from that year has had charge of a church in Newark, New Jersey He presided over the general synod in 1871. From 1872 till 1876 he edited the "Christian Intelligencer," and attended the Presbyterian councils held in Philadelphia, Belfast, and London. The degree of D. D. was conferred on him by Rutgers in 1860. Dr. Taylor has written much for the religious press and published hymns, addresses, sermons, and tracts. He is the author of "Louisa, a Pastor's Memorial" (Philadelphia, 1860); "The Bible in the Last Hundred Years" (1876)" " Church Extension in Large Cities" (1880)" 'and " On Co-operation in Foreign Missions" (1884).
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