Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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FEARING, Benjamin Dana, soldier, born in Harmar, Ohio, 10 October 1837; died there, 9 December 1881. He was graduated at Marietta in 1856, and entered a Philadelphia publishing house. In April 1861, he enlisted in the 2d Ohio regiment, took part with it in the battle of Bull Run, became adjutant of the 36th Ohio in August and on 17 Dec. was made major of the 77th Ohio, which he commanded at Shiloh. On 26 August 1862, he was made lieutenant colonel of the 921 Ohio, which he had assisted in raising and was promoted to colonel on 22 March 1863. He defended Hoover's Gap at the head of three regiments, and distinguished himself at Chiekamauga, where he was severely wounded. He rejoined his regiment in March, 1864, led it at Resaca, Kenesaw, Atlanta, and Jonesboro, and on 2 Dec. was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers. He commanded a brigade in Sherman's march to the sea, and was again severely wounded at Bentonville, where he led a charge, of which Anson C. McClurg, in his " Lost Chance of the Confederacy," says, " Upon this movement of General Fearing's brigade, in all probability, turned the fortunes of the day." After the war he engaged in manufacturing in Cincinnati, but illness caused by his wounds forced him to retire in 1869, and finally ended his life. General William T. Sherman spoke of him as "the bravest man that fought on Shiloh's field."
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