Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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REINHART, Benjamin Franklin, artist, born near Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, 29 August, 1829; died in Philadelphia, 3 May, 1885. At the age of fifteen he had some lessons at Pittsburg, in the use of oil-colors, and subsequently he studied at the National academy, New York, for three years. After visiting several of the western cities and painting many portraits, he went to Europe in 1850. For the next three years he studied in Paris and Dusseldorf, with the intention of devoting himself more to historical and genre painting. He followed his profession in New York and other cities until 1860, and then went to England, where he remained until 1868. After his return he settled in New York. In 1871 he was elected an associate of the National academy, where he had first exhibited in 1847. Among his works, many of which have been engraved, are "Cleopatra" (1865) ; '" Evangeline" ; " Pocahontas " (1877); " Katrina Van Tassel " (1878): " Washington receiving the News of Arnold's Treason "; "' Consolation "; "After the Crucifixion " (1875) ; " Nymphs of the Wood" (1879) ; " Young Franklin and Sir William Keith "; " The Regatta" ; "The Pride of the Village "; and "Captain Kidd and the Governor" and "Baby Mine" (1884). His numerous portraits include those of the Princess of Wales, the Duchess of Newcastle, the Countess of Portsmouth, Lady Vane Tempest, Lord Brougham, John Phillip, R. A., Thomas Carlyle, Lord Tennyson, Mark Lemon, Charles O'Conor, George M. Dallas, James Buchanan, Edwin M. Stanton, General Winfield Scott, John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas, and Samuel Houston. --His nephew, Charles Stanley, artist, born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 16 May, 1844, went to Paris in 1867 and studied for about a year at the Atelier Suisse. In 1868 he went to Munich, where he became a pupil at the Royal academy. In January, 1870, he entered the establishment of Harper and Brothers, New York, where he remained until July, 1876. After five years of independent work in New York, during which time he made drawings for various publishing houses, he renewed his contract with the Harpers in 1881. The same year he went to Paris, where he still (1888) resides. He is well known for his excellent work in black and white for book and magazine illustration. He has exhibited in Paris, Munich, and various cities of the United States, and is a member of the Water-color society and various other art associations. His works' ill oil include " Clearing Up" and " Caught Napping" (1875); "Reconnoitring" (1876) ; "Rebuke" (1877) ; "September Morning " (1879) ; "Old Life Boat" (1880) ; "Coast of Normandy" (1882) ; "In a Garden" (1883) ; " Mussel Fisherwoman" and "Flats at Villerville" (1884) ; "Sunday" (1885); "English Garden" and "Fishermen of Villerville" (1886) ; "Washed Ashore" (1887), which gained honorable mention at the salon of 1887 and the Temple gold medal at the academy, Philadelphia, in 1888; and " Tide coming In'" (1888). Among his water-colors are "Gathering Wood" and "Close of Day" (1877); "At the Ferry" (1878) ; and "Spanish Barber."
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