Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GOODHUE, Benjamin, senator, born in Salem, Massachusetts, 1 October, 1748; died there, 28 July, 1814. He was graduated at Harvard in 1766, and early engaged in commercial pursuits. He was a member of the state senate from 1784 till 1789, when he was elected to the 1st congress from Massachusetts, and served from 1789 till 1795. His knowledge of business affairs proved of service to him as a legislator, and, with the assistance of Mr. Fitzsimmons, of Philadelphia, he drew up a code of revenue laws, the majority of which are still in force. In 1796, on the resignation of George Cabot, he was elected to the United States senate, serving until 1800, when he resigned and retired from public life. During his term as senator he gained an enviable reputation as chairman of the committee on commerce.--His son, Jonathan, merchant, born in Salem, Massachusetts, 21 June, 1783 ; died in New York City in 1848, received a liberal education, and at the age of fifteen entered the counting-room of John Norris, of Salem, who was extensively engaged in trade with Europe and the West Indies. After two voyages as supercargo, Mr. Goodhue established himself in business in New York City in 1807. The long embargo, and the subsequent war with England, were unfavorable to his business, and on receipt of the news of the Conclusion of peace he despatched an express to Boston, with instructions to proclaim the tidings in every town on the route. After this period Mr. Goodhue became a prosperous merchant.
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