Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HAYWOOD, Benjamin, manufacturer, born in Southwell, England, in 1792; died in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 9 July, 1878. He emigrated to the United States in 1803, and worked as a journeyman blacksmith in Pottsville. In 1833 he purchased the first steam-engine that was put up in Schuylkill county, and established a machine-shop. He became senior partner in the firm of Haywood and Snyder in 1835, and engaged on an extensive scale in building steam-engines and mining-machinery. His firm constructed the first rolls for "' T " rails, and the first apparatus for sawing hot iron that was ever used in the United States. At the same time he carried on extensive mining operations. He sold his interests in Pennsylvania in 1850, removed to California, and built at Sonora the first sawmill in the state outside of San Francisco. He organized in 1852 the San Francisco mechanics' institute, and was its president till 1855. In the autumn of this year he sold his California business, returned to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, and purchased large interests in the Pale Alto rolling-mill. Mr. Haywood was one of the commissioners for organizing the Union Pacific railroad
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