Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LYNDE, Benjamin, jurist, born in Salem, Massachusetts, 22 September, 1666; died there, 28 January, 1745. He was graduated at Harvard in 1686, studied law in the Temple, London, practised in Massachusetts, and was appointed a judge in 1712, and chief justice of the colony in 1729. He was a member of the council from 17.3 till 1737.--His son, Benjamin, jurist, born in Salem, Massachusetts, 4 October, 1700; died there, 9 October, 1781, was graduated at Harvard in 1718, studied law, and practised in Massachusetts. He was chosen a member of the council in 1737, and continued in that body for many years, serving also as a representative, and for some time as naval officer of the port. He became judge of sessions and common pleas, and in 1'745 succeeded his father as judge of the supreme court. He presided at the trial of Captain Preston in 1770 for ordering the Boston massacre, and was accused of packing the jury with the corrupt object of disposing of unsalable products of his manufacturing business to the government. In 1772 he resigned the chief justiceship, and in 1774 he was one of the signers of the Salem address to Gen Thomas Gage. Toward the close of his life he was judge of probate.
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