Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MOORE, Benjamin, P. E. bishop, born in Newtown, L. I., New York, 5 October, 1748; died in Greenwich village (now part of the city of New York), 27 February, 1816. He entered King's (now Columbia) college, and was graduated in 1768. He then engaged in teaching Greek and Latin, and prepared for entering the ministry. He went to England in May, 1774, and was ordained deacon in the chapel of Fulham palace, 24 June, 1774, by the bishop of London, and priest in the same place the following day by the same bishop. Soon after his return he was appointed an assistant minister of Trinity church, and he was made rector of Trinity parish, 22 December, 1800. He received the degree of S. T. D. from Columbia in 1789. Bishop Provoost resigned his jurisdiction in 1801, and Dr. Moore was unanimously elected his successor, he was consecrated bishop-coadjutor (during Bishop Provoost's life, which lasted till 1.815) in St. Michael's church, Trenton, New Jersey, 11 September, 1801. He was also president of Columbia college from 1801 till 1811 Early in 1811 he was attacked by paralysis and disabled from further active service. Bishop Moore published a few single sermons and a controversial pamphlet in defence of his church. Hisson, Clement C Moore, published selected sermons of his father's. -His son, Clement Clarke, educator, born in New York city, 15 July, 1779" died in Newport, Rhode Island, 10 July, 1863, was graduated at Columbia in 1798. Although educated and prepared for the ministry, he never took orders, but devoted ---: himself chiefly to oriental and classical literature. In 181.8 he made a generous gift to the General theological seminary, just organized, on condition that its buildings be erected on the ground where they are now standing. He was appointed by the trustees professor of biblical learning in 1821, and afterward of oriental and Greek literature, and served the institution for nearly thirty years. In 1850 he was made professor emeritu. Dr. Moore published a "Hebrew and Greek Lexicon," the first of the kind in America (2 vols.. New York, 1809); " Bishop B. Moore's Sermons" (2 vols., 182.4) ; "Poems" (1844) ; " George Castriot, surnamed Scanderbeg, King of Albania," a condensation of the old English translation of Jacques Lavardin's " Historie" of that hero (New York, 1850); and also at various times made contributions to journals and magazines, he was the author of the well-known ballad "'Twas the Night before Christmas," and is considered the pioneer of Hebrew lexicography in this country.--Benjamin's brother, William, physician, born on Long Island, New York, in 1754; died in New York, 1824, was educated by his brother. He went to London in 1778, and thence to Edinburgh, where he was graduated in medicine in 1780. He then returned to New York, where he practised for forty years, making a specialty of obstetrics. He was president of the New York county medical society and a trustee of the College of physicians and surgeons. He contributed to the " American Medical and Philosophical Register," to the " New York Medical Repository," and to the "New York Medical and Physical Journal."--William's son, Nathaniel F., clergyman, born in Newtown, L. I., 25 December, 1782 ; died in the highlands of the Hudson, 27 April, 1872, was graduated at Columbia in 1802, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1805, and practised for a few years. In 1817 he was appointed adjunct professor of Greek and Latin in Columbia, and in 1.820 was made professor, holding this chair until 1835, when he went to Europe. On his return in 1837 he was made librarian, and in 1839 again went to Europe, travelling also in the Orient. In 1842 he was made president of Columbia. which office he held until 1849, when he resigned and retired to private life. He was a trustee of Columbia from 1842 till 1851, and received the degree of LL.D. from that institution in 1825. His publications are " Remarks on the Pronunciation of the Greek Language," in reply to a pamphlet by John Pickering (New York, 1819); "Ancient Mineralogy" (1834; new ed., 1859) ; " Lectures on the Greek Language and Literature" (1835); and an" Historical Sketch of Columbia College "(1849), besides pamphlets and essays.
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