Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MUNOZ-GAMERO, Benjamin (moon-yoth-gah-may'-ro), Chilian naval officer, born in Santiago in 1820; died in Punta Arenas, 2 December, 1851. He entered the navy in 1836 as midshipman, and served in the first and second campaigns against the Peru-Bolivian confederation. On his return he was promoted lieutenant, and in 1842 ordered by the government to serve for instruction in the British navy. In April, 1844, he re-entered the Chilian navy and commanded successively the "Magallanes " and "Janequdo." In 1849 he was commissioned to survey the southern parts of the republic, and thoroughly explored the lakes Llanquihue, Todos Santos, and Coyutue, and the Petrohue, Coyutue, and Peulla rivers. He was promoted captain in 1850, and in January, 1851, appointed governor of the Chilian colony of Magallanes. He studied the Indian language, and began to make a Patagonian dictionary, but it remained unfinished at his death. On 21 November, 1851, there was a. mutiny at Puma Arenas, but Munoz, with the chaplain and a few loyal followers, escaped in a boat. It was driven by a storm on the coast of Tierra del Puego, and the party, being attacked by the Indians, had to return to the main-land, where they were discovered and pursued by the insurgents. At last, driven by hunger near the fort, Munoz was captured and shot, and his body was burned, he published a useful "Diccionario Nafitico" (Santiago, 1850).
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