Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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TANNER, Benjamin, engraver, born in New York city, 27 March, 1775; died in Baltimore, Maryland, 14 November, 1848. At an early age he manifested a talent for drawing" and designing, and after receiving his education he began to learn the art of engraving. In December, 1799, he went to Philadelphia, where he established his business, and aided his brother Henry in publishing maps. In 1816 he formed a bank-note engraving establishment, under the name of Tanner, Vallanee, Kearny and Co., which tie afterward discontinued, and in 1835 established a blank check note and draft publishing office, which he abandoned in 1845. His engravings include portraits of Washington, after Savage ; Benjamin Franklin, after Charles N. Cochin (1822); "Apotheosis of Washington," after J. J. Barralet (1802) ; "Perry's Victory on Lake Erie, 10 September, 1813," and " The Launch of the Steam Frigate Fulton," after the same artist (1815); "Maedonough's Victory on Lake Champlain, and Defeat of the British Army at Plattsburg by General McComb, 11 September, 1814," after Hugh Reinagle (1816); "The Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown," after J. F. Renaulty; and "America. Guided by Wisdom," after J. J. Barralet.--His brother, Henry S., geographer, born in New York in 1786; died in New York city in 1858. In early life he removed to Philadelphia, where he resided until 1850, when he returned to New York city. He engraved and published many atlases and separate maps, contributed geographical and statistical articles to various periodicals, and was a member of the geographical societies of London and Paris. He collected a fine cabinet of shells. His maps include the "New American Atlas," with letterpress descriptions (Philadelphia, 1817-'23); "The World," on a globular projection (4 sheets, 1825); "Map of the United States of Mexico" (1825); "Map of Philadelphia " (1826) ; and "3lap of the United States of America" (1829). He also published "Memoir on the Recent Surveys in the United States" (2d ed., 1830); "View of the Valley of the Mississippi" (1832); "American Traveller" (1836); "Central Traveller" (New York, 1840) ; "New Picture of Philadelphia" (Philadelphia, 1840); and "Description of the Canals and Railroads of the United States" (New York, 1840).
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