Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HAWKINS, Benjamin Waterhouse, educator, born in London, England, 8 February, 1807. He was educated at St. Aloysius college, and also studied art under the sculptor William Behnes. After 1827 he devoted himself to the study of natural history, and in 1852 included the subject of geology. During 1842-'7 he was engaged in making studies from living animals in Knowsley park for the Earl of Derby. Mr. Hawkins was assistant superintendent of the World's fair in London in 1851. In 1852 he was appointed by the Crystal palace company to restore the external forms of the extinct animals to their natural gigantic size, and then devoted three and a half years to the construction of the thirty-three life-size models which were placed in the Crystal palace park, many of which were of colossal proportions. In the interior of his model of the Iguanodon he carried out, on 30 December, 1853, his idea of giving a dinner to about twenty literary and scientific gentlemen, including Sir Richard Owen and Professor Edward Forbes. He came to New York in 1868, and lectured on popular science in the hall of the Cooper union. Later he was engaged to make models of extinct animals for the Central park museum, and for a time was occupied in making studies for Princeton college, tle was elected a fellow of the Linnean society in 1847, of the Geological society in 1854, and a member of the Society of arts in 1846. He has published "Popular Comparative Anatomy" (London, 1840); "Elements of Form" (1842); "Comparative View of the Human and Animal Frame" (1860); "Atlas of Elementary Anatomy, with Professor Thomas H. Huxley" (1865); "Artistic Anatomy of Cattle and Sheep" (3d ed., 1873); and "Artistic Anatomy of the Horse" (5th ed., 1874).
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