Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GUTIERREZ DE LARA, Bernardo, Mexican patriot, born in Guanajuato in 1778; died in San Antonio Bejar, 15 March, 1814. When Hidalgo and Allende, after the defeat of Calderon in 1811, were on their way to the United States to reorganize their forces, Gutierrez met them, early in March, to offer his services. He was appointed colonel, and sent as commissioner to Washington, where he arrived in August. His mission was not recognized, and he came to New Orleans, where he organized a force of 450 men. He marched to Texas in February, 1812, captured the town of Nacog-doches and the presidio of Trinidad, and a few days afterward the bay of Espiritu Santo, where he found important stores of ammunition and provisions. The Spanish governor of New Leon and Texas besieged Gutierrez in Trinidad, but after four months the latter made a sally and broke through the enemy's lines. In August of the same year he defeated the royalists at Rosillo, capturing all their artillery, and shortly afterward gained other victories, making him the master of New Leon and Texas. But Alvarez de Toledo, who had been appointed commissioner to Washington, entered there into secret transactions with the Spanish minister, and also instigated Gutierrez's forces to demand the execution of the governor of Leon and Texas. When their commander, in a moment of weakness, submitted, Alvarez appeared in his camp with accusations, and brought about a mutany which deposed Gutierrez and appointed Alvarez general-in-chief. Gutierrez was patriot enough not to abandon the army in the hour of need, as Arredondo was approaching with an overwhelming force to crush the patriots. The revolutionary army, disconcerted by the change of leaders, was defeated, and Gutierrez died in the battle.
Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara was born in Guerrero, Tamps and died in Santiago, Nuevo Leon.
As a matter of fact, his grave is in the church of this town near Monterrey, Nuevo Leon , Mexico.
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