Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MONTEAGUDO, Bernardo (Mon-Tay-Ah-Goo'-Do), Argentine Statesman, born in Tucuman in 1787; died in Lima, Peru, in 1825. He studied in the University of Cordova, and after being graduated as doctor in law came to Chuquisaca, Peru, where he was admitted to the bar in 1808. He was one of the principal promoters of ohe First Declaration of Independence on South America, 25 May, 1809, and was arrested by the Spanish authorities and sent to Buenos Ayres. There he published the "Martir D Libre," a newspaper, and prepared the way for the revolution of May, 1810. He also proclaimed his ideas in the chilian journal " El Censor." In 1811 he was one of the editors of the "Gaceta" and of "El Independience " and " El Grito Del Sur," and he was one of the principal instigators of the movement that overthrew the governing junta of Buenos Ayres in 1812. In 1813 he was a member of the constituent assembly, where he recommended many useful reforms. From 1815 till 1817 he travelled in Europe, but in the latter year he accompanied San Martin as secretary in the campaign of Chili. After the disaster of Cancha Rayada he came to Mendoza, and was one of the tribunal that sentenced the brothers Carrera to death. He afterward accompanied San Martin in his campaign of Peru as military judge and secretary, and when the latter was declared protector of Peru in 1821 he appointed Monteagudo Secretary of War and the navy. On 1 January, 1822, Monteagudo became Secretary of State and foreign relations. He introduced many improvements, and inspired the decree of 10 January, which established the "Sociedad Patristica De Lima." He was murdered in one of the principal streets of Lima by a negro, probably the tool of a political enemy.
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