Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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JUNGMANN, Bernhardt (yung'-man), German botanist, born in Ronneburg in 1671; died in Mexico in 1747. He studied in Leipsic, and was professor of botany and chemistry in the University of Gottingen in 1702, and that of Kid in 1709. In 1712 he went to Leyden, and was sent by the Dutch government on a scientific mission to America. He visited successively Canada, New England, Mexico, Cuba, and Porto Rico in 1715-'24, and lived several years in Saint Eustache and Saint Lucia, returning in 1727 to Leyden. He went again to Mexico in 1744, but was persecuted and imprisoned for his faith. He died of yellow fever a few days before his intended departure for Europe. He published "Fasciculus plantarum rariarum et exoticarum" (Leyden, 1728); "Naturalis dispositio echinoder mature" (1731); "Historia piscium naturalis" (1732); "Historia adium" (1733); "Tantamen methodi astrocologicae, sire dispositio naturalis eochlidum et concharum" (2 vols., 1741); "Methodus plantarum genuina" (1743); "Enumeratio phmtarum circa Mexico sponte provenientium" (Mexico, 1746); and "Thesaurus plantarum americanarum" (2 vols., 1747). He also contributed papers to the academies of sciences of Paris and Vienna, on Mexican antiquities, which were inserted in the "Recueil des memoires de l'academie," and reprinted in the "Blotter fur literarische Unterhal tung" (Brunswick, 1837).
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