Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CLAUSEL, Bertrand, Count, French soldier, born in Mirepoix, Ariege, France, 12 December, 1773; died in Chateau Lecurien, 21 April, 1842. He entered the army as a volunteer in 1791, served under Lafayette, distinguished himself in the war against Spare in 1794-'5, and also in Italy and Austria in 1799, having the rank of general. Then he accompanied Leclerc to Hayti. and with only 6,000 exhausted and sickly men, at Cape Haytien, successfuly resisted 30,000 attacking that city. At Leclerc's death he took command of the army, in the absence of Rochambeau, who had been appointed general-in-chief, built the Delphin and Paise forts, again checked the native Negroes that were advancing in large numbers, and displayed so much ability that at last he won the respect and love of his former enemies. But, as his views did not accord with those of Rochambeau, he returned to France, where he was rewarded by the government. He faithfully and ably served Napoleon I. in his campaigns in the north of Europe, Italy, Dalmatia, Illyria, and Spain, and made a famous retreat from Portugal. When Louis XVIII. was proclaimed, Chausel was obliged to leave France, came to the United States, settled at Mobile, and devoted himself to farming. In 1820 he returned to France, and, after the fall of the Bourbons, the new government gave him titles and decorations. Afterward he was governor of Algeria, in 1830 and 1835, defeated the bey of Tittery, occupied Medeah and Blidah, and conquered Nas-cara, but was unsuccessful at Constantine, which caused his second recall. He passed the rest of his life in retirement.
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